When babies are born, they already have the “hardware” necessary for vision, but the hardware still needs to be programmed. Babies are in the dark before birth, so the visual stimulation they experience, particularly between birth and age 2, is key to quality of vision for the rest of their lives.
Normal development for infants and toddlers
- Newborns see best at 8 to 10 inches (the distance to a parent’s face) but only in black & white
- By 6 months old, the eyes should be coordinating (looking in the same direction) and tracking objects. Color vision is improving.
- By 1 to 2 years old, depth perception and eye-hand coordination should be developing